The bond is a special measure decided by the examining judge who determines the amount, the time of payment, the terms of payment, the part paid to the victim as a provision, in agreement with the person under control.
Bail mainly meets two needs. It will be a question of ensuring the representation of the indicted person, the accused or the accused in all the acts of the procedure and to ensure certain payments.
The bond is divided into two parts to meet these two needs. The first part of the bond. If the defendant is convicted and satisfies the duties of the judicial review, the trial, and the enforcement of the judgment, that part of the bond will be refunded. But if the person is convicted and has not fulfilled all the obligations of judicial review, trial and enforcement, the first part of the bond is vested in the state. If the defendant is not sentenced, the first part of the bond is repaid, even if it has not complied with all the requirements of the judicial review.
The second part of the bond serves as a guarantee but also a payment, in particular for the repair of the damage caused by the offense, restitution, the maintenance debt if the person is prosecuted for non-payment of the latter or the fines. The surplus of the unused security is returned in the event of non-suitability, acquittal or exemption from punishment. When he is convicted, he is returned when the sentence has become final.